From AQAL to AQAT: Dialog in an Integral Perspective

By Bruno Frischherz – The background of this paper is a longitudinal study in adult development that is based on the structured interviewing required for using Laske’s Constructive Developmental Framework (CDF). In what follows, I will compare the CDF methodology with methodological tools offered by Integral Theory.

Integral theory provides a helpful starting point for the analysis of themes and perspectives. But I will argue that integral theory is unable to fully account for the category of YOU that is fundamental in every dialog. Dialog is crucial not only for private communication but equally for scientific research, both in and between disciplines, as well as for professional practice.

Given the limitations of Integral Theory, I am proposing a dialectical extension for AQAL which I call AQAT, meaning All Quadrants  – All (dialectical) thought forms (context, process, relation, transformation).

Download: Frischherz_2014_dialog_in_an_integral_perspective

Author: Otto Laske

I am the founder and director of IDM, the Interdevelopmental Institute. My background is in philosophy, psychology, consulting, and coaching based on developmental theory to which I have mightily contributed myself. See the blogs at

One thought on “From AQAL to AQAT: Dialog in an Integral Perspective”

  1. for those who know Wilber’s work, this article could be breaking new ground. It points to the dialectical root of Wilber’s thinking, spelling out what members of the integral movement have so far overlooked: that Bhaskar’s and Laske’s four moments of dialectic inhere each Wilber quadrant. Thank you for your article, Bruno. Others have mentioned it to me also.

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